The IOC banned Russian Federation from taking part in the Pyeongchang Games, but inexplicably left open the possibility of individuals being allowed to compete if they could prove they were clean.
The scandal around the alleged systematic use of prohibited chemicals in Russian sports erupted in 2015, when the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) accused Russia of multiple violations and suspended Moscow laboratory of RUSADA, the Russian National Anti-Doping Agency. Wearing the shirt - sold by a popular Russian sportswear brand - is just a way to keep warm, she said.
"But unfortunately, this is the reality, and we have what we have".
A vetting process was created to exclude Russian athletes from the Games if International Olympic Committee officials weren't sure they were clean, even if they hadn't been banned for doping. "I am very glad for all our [athletes] invited to the Olympiad", Isinbayeva, a member of the Athletes' Commission of the International Olympic Committee, wrote in an Instagram post.
Among the athletes who were hoping to gatecrash the Olympics by forcing an invite through CAS were Victor Ahn and and Elena Nikitina. Thus, we call for stronger leadership from sport to protect clean athletes and their right to doping-free sport. "There's a lot of people coming up and saying 'we're happy you're here'". The Russian situation has proved highly contentious in the build-up to Pyeongchang, after their team was banned.
The IOC welcomed the decision of the CAS, claiming in a statement that it "supports the fight against doping and brings clarity for all athletes".
The ruling comes a day after the first Olympic competitions began and ends more than a week of uncertainty for two groups of athletes who lodged appeals to the CAS.
Never mind that Russia's team must compete in neutral uniforms.
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Six other Russian athletes' appeals were thrown out.
The IOC's position: for sure yes, because taking part in the Games is a "privilege", and just because you're not guilty per CAS that does not make you "innocent".
Also out are cross-country skiing gold medalist Alexander Legkov and skeleton gold medalist Alexander Tretiakov, as well as potential medal contenders in biathlon, luge and bobsled. On the podium, they'll stand under the Olympic flag as the Olympic anthem plays. According to Olympic Conduct Guidelines, they are not allowed to march under the Russian flag or wear Russia's colors or logos.
Any Russians who win late invitations would compete under "Olympic Athletes from Russia" because the Russian team is formally banned for doping at the Sochi Olympics. In 2016, Richard McLaren, head of the WADA investigative team, presented a two-part report alleging the existence of a state-supported doping program in Russian Federation.
The team of 168 could swell yet further.
Stephen Hess, an global sports lawyer based in Colorado Springs, Colorado, said the decision was a victory for the IOC.
"Other factors to consider include operational issues, the balance of the approximately 208 sessions on the schedule, the exposure of each sport, and the satisfaction of the different stakeholders, including the athletes".
The Russian fans are already showing their defiance.