Despite the fact that no passings have been accounted for, 11 individuals have been hospitalized. But the supplement made headlines a few weeks ago, when Food and Drug Administration (FDA) officials said that kratom contains the same addictive, potentially unsafe chemicals found in opioids, and submitted a review to that effect to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).
The agency, which urged consumers to not use kratom in any form because of the possibility of contamination, said the infections started in October and have affected 20 states.
Missouri has no reported cases.
Salmonella is usually transmitted when people eat foods contaminated with animal feces that carry the bacteria. It issued a public health advisory in November about health risks of the herbal supplement. Most of the people sickened have reported consuming kratom in pills, powder or tea, according to the CDC, which didn't name any specific brands or suppliers.
These products are made from the eponymous plant.
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A plant grown in parts of Asia, kratom has been marketed as a treatment for pain, anxiety, and depression.
As it has made its way to the U.S., kratom has gained a reputation as an opioid alternative to help people wean themselves off of the unsafe and addictive drugs with milder withdrawal symptoms, but there have not been clinical studies to prove this.
"Kratom is not an opiate".
Earlier this month, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that it had found evidence of opioid compounds in kratom, and said that its own investigation, taken together with other chemical studies 'have clearly revealed, compounds in kratom make it so it isn't just a plant - it's an opioid'. It is not an FDA-approved drug. In 2016, the Drug Enforcement Administration tried to classify kratom in the same category as heroin but backed off after an intense public backlash.
It says kratom is illegal in Indiana, Tennessee, Wisconsin, Vermont, Arkansas, Alabama and Rhode Island, as well as some local jurisdictions including Sarasota County in Florida, San Diego and Washington, D.C.