The budget deal's supporters, including Trump, have backed it largely because it includes big increases in military spending.
The Kentucky Republican says he expects the Senate to vote on the budget bill after 1 a.m. Friday - and possibly several hours after a midnight deadline to avert a second government shutdown in three weeks. Fifteen other Republicans joined Paul in voting against the bill, many expressing similar objections about the increased deficit spending. But Democrats also had their divisions and wrangling, largely with liberal upset the measure was not tied to any plans to assist the "Dreamer" immigrants.
The massive two-year budget deal proposed by Senate leaders Wednesday raises budget caps by $300 billion in the next two years, increases the debt ceiling and offers up almost $90 billion in disaster relief for hurricane-ravaged Texas, Florida and Puerto Rico.
The "wide-ranging" spending agreement gives lawmakers until 23 March to write a full-year budget, and extends borrowing authority until March 2019, says Reuters.
Fiscal conservatives squawked at new spending levels. Sen.
Once known as the party of fiscal conservatism, the Republicans and Trump approved a sweeping tax overhaul bill in December that will add an estimated US$1.5t to the national debt over 10 years. The House voted 240-186 to approve the bill just before dawn Eastern time, hours after the Senate had approved the measure on a 71-28 vote.
"It provides what the Pentagon needs to restore our military's edge for years to come", said Mr Ryan.
That part of the overall package was a bipartisan attempt by Senate leaders to end for many months, at least beyond November's midterm congressional elections, the fiscal policy quarrels that increasingly consume Congress.
"Our Military will now be stronger than ever before", Trump tweeted Friday morning. A shutdown essentially cuts the federal workforce in half, with those dubbed non-essential not allowed to work, while military and essential workers remain on the job. When the agreement was announced Wednesday, the yield on the 10-year Treasury rose, as did the US dollar.
"Ultimately, neither side got everything it wanted in this agreement, but we reached a bipartisan compromise that puts the safety and well-being of the American people first", House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., said in a statement.
But in an unexpected turn of events, the deadline was missed because Kentucky Republican Senator Rand Paul, objecting to deficit spending in the bill, engaged in a nine-hour, on-again, off-again protest and floor speech that leaders could not stop. He had harsh words for his own party.
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"If you're against president (Barack) Obama's deficits, but you're for the Republican deficits, isn't that the very definition of hypocrisy?" he boomed, adding that he wants his fellow lawmakers "to feel uncomfortable" over the impasse. I can't.in good faith, just look the other way because my party is now complicit in the deficits.
"There is probably a lot of blame to go around for the Republicans who are advocating for this debt", Paul said to CNN's Erin Burnett OutFront.
McHenry called the Democratic caucus "fractured", a word that has been more often used to describe House Republicans. He said the 652-page measure was "printed at midnight" and was a bill that "no one has read". The absence of any offsetting measures, combined with far-reaching tax cuts passed at the end of 2017, would force the U.S. to finance the increased spending through debt.
"She negotiated the deal". However, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi criticised the lack of a provision to protect young immigrants from deportation.
Paul said that he had spoken to President Trump Thursday afternoon about the situation.
Trump urged Congress to act before then.
Democrats in the Senate have assurances that there will be a floor debate next week on the topic.
Protecting "Dreamers" and DACA recipients has been center stage in the ongoing budget debates in Congress. Democrats have been using funding legislation for leverage on their immigration concerns.
"My commitment to working together on an immigration measure that we can make law is a commitment", he said.
While the U.S. government's authority to spend some money would expire at midnight, there were not likely to be many clear immediate effects.
But Pelosi said Ryan's words fell short, accusing him of not having "the courage to lift the shadow of fear from the lives of" Dreamers who face the prospect of deportation.