Legendary US writer Philip Roth dies aged 85

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Philip Roth, a prize-winning novelist and fearless narrator of sex, death, assimilation and fate, has died.

Eight of Roth's novels have been adapted into films, including "Goodbye, Columbus" with Richard Benjamin and Ali McGraw; "Portnoy's Complaint"; "The Human Stain" with Anthony Hopkins and Nicole Kidman; "The Dying Animal", adapted as "Elegy"; "The Humbling" with Al Pacino and Greta Gerwig; and "Indignation" and "American Pastoral" both in 2016. Roth spent much time defending himself at various Jewish institutions in the years after the essay's publication, according to the New York Review of Books.

In addition to winning almost every literary award for writers in English, Roth was also embraced by the Jewish community over his long career. "That epit makes no sense to me", he said.

His "maleness" offended many readers, with his 1969 book Portnoy's Complaint, about the young, middle-class, sex-obsessed Alexander Portnoy leaving critics happy and elders enraged.

Just two years later, in 2012, Roth announced that he was retiring.

Philip Milton Roth was born on March 19, 1933 in Newark, New Jersey, the grandson of European Jews who were part of the 19th-century wave of immigration to the United States. Roth was frequently identified as being a writer interested in Jewish identity, as well as lust, the American Dream and male anxiety.

Throughout his career, Roth won two National Book Awards in addition to the Pulitzer Prize for fiction for his 1997 book "American Pastoral", which featured his recurring alter ego Nathan Zuckerman. In 2005, Roth became onlt the third living writer to have his books enshrined in the Library of America.

Legendary US writer Philip Roth dies aged 85

Roth went on to further eviscerate Trump, who he called "humanly impoverished" compared to other former presidents.

"I don't want to read any more of it, and I don't even want to talk about it anymore".

In The Plot Against America, Roth explores a political alternative history - one in which Franklin D Roosevelt is defeated by "America first" candidate Charles Lindbergh in the 1940 U.S. election, resulting in growing anti-Semitism and the persecution of the author's Jewish-American family.

"If the Western world views itself through the lens of the modern Jewish experience, it is in large measure due to the novels, novellas and short stories of Philip Roth", wrote David Roskies, a JTS Jewish literature professor, in a note to the class of 2014.

'The Plot Against America, ' published in 2004, imagines what would have happened had flying ace Charles Lindbergh, an isolationist who expressed anti-Semitic views, defeated Franklin Roosevelt in the 1940 election and signed a peace accord with Adolf Hitler.

In 1990, Roth married actress Claire Bloom after seven years of dating.

In a New York Times interview in 2018, Roth reflected on his 50-plus years as a writer, describing it as: "Exhilaration and groaning. I no longer feel this dedication to write what I have experienced my whole life".

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