Those two elections in 1994 and 2006 saw voters change the majority party in the Senate and House at the same time. Joe Donnelly in IN and Republican Marsha Blackburn's win in Tennessee made it much more hard for Democrats to make inroads. The GOP's grip on high-profile governorships in Florida, Georgia and Wisconsin were at risk as well.
Strong turnout is reported across the nation, in particular among young voters.
In addition to electing their lawmakers, Americans in several states will vote on ballot measures.
Almost 40 percent of voters cast their ballots to express opposition to the president, according to AP VoteCast, the national survey of the electorate, while one-in-four said they voted to express support for Trump.
Overall, 6 in 10 voters said the country was headed in the wrong direction, but roughly that same number described the national economy as excellent or good.
Indeed, the election was in many ways a referendum on the president himself, two years after he beat most predictions and took the White House, even as he lost the popular vote.
On Monday, Facebook, NBC and even Mr Trump's favourite network, Fox News, announced they would stop broadcasting a 30-second ad paid for by his campaign, which featured an undocumented Mexican immigrant. So how have these elections panned out in the modern era?
A House takeover amounts to major vindication for Pelosi, who became the first female House speaker in 2006, only to lose the majority in 2010 as voters rebelled against former President Barack Obama's health care law in the first midterm elections of his presidency.
Democrats needed to pick up two dozen seats to seize the House majority and two seats to control the Senate.
"We did have two maniacs stop a momentum that was incredible, because for seven days nobody talked about the elections", the President said at a Missouri rally last week. And in New Jersey, Democrats re-elected embattled Sen. What was not normal was that Menendez had been indicted on corruption charges and escaped with hung jury.
Democrats' performance in the House battlefield was mixed.
The Republican incumbent had been branded Barbara "Trumpstock" by Democrats in a race that pointed to Trump's unpopularity among college-educated women in the suburbs.
In the Miami area, former Clinton administration Cabinet member Donna Shalala defeated television journalist Maria Elvira Salazar in a costly, roller-coaster contest.
In the House, Democrats picked up seats across the map. And Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, another potential 2020 contender, also won her race.
Mourinho hails 'fantastic' Manchester United win over Juventus
He's an artist who plays the game with so much class but he also has that cutting edge, as well as unbelievable feet and balance. Ronaldo's comments, coupled with his goal celebration, has been strongly criticized by a section of United fans on social media.
Fortnite players can suit up in a Cardinals uniform
This continues the storyline of Hexsylvania, comprising of the Vlad miniboss and the final fight to put him to rest. Earlier this year, Fortnite brought unofficial soccer skins to the game to celebrate the World Cup .
Florida Gives Voting Rights To Former Felons
Fifty-seven-year-old Zinovy Nudel said he would have supported rights restoration years ago, but it wasn't on the ballot. The amendment had largely been polling above the required 60 percent needed to be added to the state constitution.
A simple House majority would be enough to impeach Trump if evidence surfaces that he obstructed justice or that his 2016 campaign colluded with Russian Federation.
He and the first lady were to host an evening watch party for family and friends.
Republican gains in the Senate are sure to bolster the party's efforts to ram conservative federal judges through confirmation proceedings during a lame duck session that starts next week, as well as next year.
At stake was control of at least one house in the United States Congress, and with it Trump's ability to drive ahead with an unconventional style of government that has divided Americans like rarely before. Perhaps more important, they would claim subpoena power to investigate Trump's personal and professional shortcomings.
Some Democrats have already vowed to force the release of his tax returns. Bill Nelson versus Republican Rick Scott in Florida - indicates that Democrats do have a small chance of taking the Senate.
Pennsylvania looked particularly daunting for Republicans after redistricting and a rash of retirements put several seats in play.
Trump's Republican coalition is increasingly older, whiter, more male and less likely to have a college degree. More women than ever were running, along with military veterans and minorities, many of them motivated by Trump's rise.
On the eve of the mid-term elections, Democrats continue to hold a double-digit lead over Republicans in a generic congressional ballot among likely voters, according to a new CNN Poll conducted by SSRS.
Georgians were picking their next governor following a tight, bitter race in the southern state.
The demographic divides were coloring the political landscape in different ways.
Trump's party appears to be faring better in the US Senate, where they hold a slim 51-49 edge, as Democrats are seeking re-election in 10 states that Trump won in 2016.
Russia's Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov says he hopes the outcome of the USA midterm election will ease domestic tensions in the United States and enable Washington to focus on global issues.
Democrats boast record diversity on the ballot. Nearly all of the most pivotal Senate spots are unfolding in very conservative areas, such as North Dakota, Missouri, and in, where Trump won by leaps and bounds and where the Democratic incumbents could possibly give up seats to Republicans.
It could just mark the watershed moment in America's "Year of Women", with record numbers of women nominated for the house, for the Senate and for Governor.